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What is methamphetamine? National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA

Your doctor will probably not prescribe methamphetamine for you. Martinez, who has been in recovery for two years, now works with a Washington, D.C.-based group called HIPS helping others with meth addiction. She says when she started her recovery, it was hard in part because there were no medical treatments to help with cravings and withdrawal. For the first time, a medication regime has been found effective for some patients with meth addiction in a large, placebo-controlled trial.

Many people use meth mainly to feel that initial rush of euphoria. So, once that euphoria wears off, they may take more in order to continue enjoying that feeling. The effects of meth can last anywhere from a few minutes to several hours, depending on how you take the drug and how often you use it. Methamphetamine, or meth, is a powerful stimulant that can make you feel more awake and active. That is, more amounts of the drug are needed to get the same effects.

  1. According to the 2020 United Nations World Drug Report, around 27 million people worldwide (corresponding to 0.5% of the adult population) used amphetamines, including METH, amphetamine, and pharmaceutical stimulants, in the past year.
  2. Naltrexone, which is already used for treating opioid addiction, blocks opioid receptors in the brain and is proven to reduce cravings in some patients.
  3. The risks of overdose are higher when you mix the drug with opioids or other stimulants such as cocaine, ecstasy, or amphetamines.
  4. If you take more than one stimulant at a time, you have a higher risk of experiencing a stroke or heart attack, and your body may overheat.

Methamphetamine is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It belongs to the group of medicines called central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. SAMHSA’s mission is to lead public health and service delivery efforts that promote mental health, prevent substance misuse, and provide treatments and supports to foster recovery while ensuring equitable access and better outcomes.

What is methamphetamine?

Illegal forms of methamphetamine can be smoked, snorted, injected, or ingested orally. Meth produces more reward chemicals than your brain can fully handle. It sends your brain’s dopamine levels into the stratosphere, so to speak. What’s more, combining meth — a stimulant — with depressants like alcohol, opioids, or benzodiazepines can have a tug-of-war effect on your bodily functions. However, drug tests can detect even tiny amounts of meth, so you’ll need to wait much longer before you can test negative on a drug screening.

What other drugs will affect methamphetamine?

Smoking or injecting methamphetamine causes an immediate, intense “rush” or feeling of bliss that lasts for a few minutes. During World War II, armed forces used methamphetamine to keep personnel alert and improve endurance and mood. Scientists developed methamphetamine from its parent drug, amphetamine, in the early 20th century. Pharmaceutical companies first marketed it as a nasal decongestant and respiratory stimulator. If you feel calmer when drinking alcohol, you might assume it’ll help you feel less restless or jittery when you take meth.

The use of methamphetamine triggers elevated mood, alertness, increase concentration, energy, decreased appetite, and causes weight loss and increased sexual libido (recreational methamphetamine). Several new medications the no-drug approach to erectile dysfunction that bear promise as treatments for MUD are currently in different stages of clinical trials or open. Among those are oxytocin, doxazocin, lobeline, disulfiram, acamprosate, atomoxetine, and entacapone ().

Three key ideas are (1) acceptance of one’s addiction, (2) surrender to/acceptance of fellowship and support structure, and (3) active involvement in 12-step meetings and related activities. Matrix model therapy incorporates the 12-step program as one component of treatment for MUD and was shown to effectively reduce METH use and improved craving management [98]. From the cognitive‐behavioral perspective, substance use is considered the result of coping deficits and maladaptive thinking. CBT for a substance use disorder assumes that drug use is a learned behavior and it emphasizes individual commitment for recovery in order to learn new adaptive behaviors and ways of thinking [90]. Individuals in CBT learn to identify and correct addictive behaviors by applying a range of different skills that can be used to stop METH abuse and to address a range of co-occurring problems.

How Common Is Meth Use?

If they stop using them, they may experience painful withdrawal effects. Methamphetamine is a stimulant drug usually used as a white, bitter-tasting powder or a pill. Crystal methamphetamine is a form of the drug that looks like glass fragments or shiny, bluish-white rocks. It is chemically similar to amphetamine (a drug used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] and narcolepsy, a sleep disorder). Learn about the health effects of methamphetamine and read the Research Report.

Always tell your doctor if you’re taking any other prescriptions, supplements, or other drugs to avoid dangerous interactions. The prescription label recommends that the drug should be used in conjunction with therapy and should be stopped occasionally to determine if it’s still needed. Another commonly abused type of this drug is crystal meth, which looks like small clear rocks or crystals, similar to shards of glass. When doctors do prescribe it, it isn’t refillable, due to the possibility of abuse and addiction.

Methamphetamine is illegal except when a physician prescribes it for a very limited number of medical conditions. Methamphetamine — also known as ice or crystal meth — is a highly addictive psychostimulant drug similar to amphetamine. It may take some time for your brain to restore its dopamine circuits when you stop using meth. So, the cognitive abilities that don’t rely much on dopamine will likely recover first. Mental health symptoms like paranoia and delusions may take longer to disappear. Alcohol could potentially boost the effects of meth by heightening its euphoric effects.

That means more than half of people who use meth go on to misuse the drug. If you are taking methamphetamine to lose weight, the doctor will maintain you on the lowest dose possible. Tolerance to the weight loss effect may develop within a few weeks, making this medication less effective. People with a substance use disorder may use these types of drugs, and others, to feel normal.

People who abuse METH heavily suffer from a variety of neurological consequences of chronic abuse of the drug and have the hardest time quitting METH use [29-31]. Chronic METH users are at higher risk for developing Parkinson’s disease than non-users [32]. Conversely, Parkinson’s disease patients are more prone to addictions [33].

Approximately 24 million people use methamphetamine worldwide. Using intravenous amphetamines causes high rates of infectious disease in rural communities.5 This narrative review will gabapentinoid benefit and risk stratification: mechanisms over myth pmc aim to highlight the adverse effects as well as the toxicity that can occur with methamphetamine use. Methamphetamine is a man-made stimulant that’s been around for a long time.